32nd Sunday in Ordinary Time

18bdd04e288fc232234be2fb5ea8bf38

Gospel Reading

Mk 12: 41-44

41He sat down opposite the treasury, and watched the crowd putting money into the treasury. Many rich people put in large sums.  42A poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which are worth a penny. 43Then he called his disciples and said to them, “Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the treasury.  44For all of them have contributed out of their abundance; but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had, all she had to live on.”

Pointer for Sunday Homily

Context of the “Widow’s Offering” Narrative

The narrative about the offering of the widow in the temple treasure is situated within the literary context of the Gospel of Mark called “the Ministry of Jesus in Jerusalem.”  From chapters 11-13 Jesus moves about preaching in Jerusalem.  The succeeding chapter (14) begins the passion death and resurrection narrative.  Quite interesting is that, as we are moving toward the liturgical celebration of the birth of Christ our readings lead us to his death.  This simply underscores that the reason for his birth is his life giving sacrifice for us.

The narrative of the ministry of Jesus in Jerusalem (chs. 11-13) is prefaced and bracketed by the metaphor of the “fig tree”.  In Mk 11: 12-14, Jesus pronounced the perpetual barrenness of the fig tree because it had no fruit; and in Mk 13: 28-31, Jesus, after the prediction of the destruction of the temple, picked up the same image saying “from the fig tree learn its lesson….”

A closer look at the image of the fig tree reveals that it points to the grand and magnificent temple of Jerusalem. This temple representing religion, culture, arts, influence and power is under a bitter criticism from Jesus—the Messiah.  In 11:15-19, Jesus cleanses the temple declaring, “my house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations?  But why have you made it a den of robbers?” In 13: 2, Jesus predicts its total destruction, “… not one stone will be left here upon another, all will be thrown down.”  In between these narratives of cleansing and destruction of the temple are confrontations between Jesus and the leaders of the time with their test questions to traps Jesus and related false religious bankruptcy:  The chief priests, the scribes and the elders were questioning Jesus’ authority (11: 27-32); the Pharisees and Herodians desired to trap Jesus whether it was lawful to pay taxes to the emperor (12: 13-17); the Sadducees who were non believers on the resurrection came with questions related to matrimony (12: 18-27); and the scribes whose spirituality of appearance and external show but “devour widow’s houses” are made as negative example and warning to not follow for believers by Jesus (12:38-40).

The widow’s contribution from “poverty”

Against this background—the magnificent and grand structure but decrepit moral standards, questionable ethical behaviors, and an impoverish spirituality—the offering of a poor widow “out of her poverty” and putting everything she had is a shout-out of, on the one hand, the greatest institutional injustice against the poor and, on the other hand, the honest and devout intentions of the simple to maintain even, at the cost of their poverty, an unjust structure.

For those who have surplus, to contribute to a system of injustice does hurt but not much.  But for those who have not, the honest offering is itself an insult to justice and an indictment against injustice.

The Modern-Widow’s Contribution from Poverty

The message of the widow’s contribution from poverty reverberates today.  These modern stories could take various faces:  the morally appalling “laglag bala” incident where those in authority prey over the unsuspecting and gullible victims, using the hard consequences of the law, but only to exact money from them, and the victim has no other recourse but to pay; the corruption in our military and other branches of government for the last centuries leaving the country today with no might to defend her territorial boundaries—we have become like the poor widow putting in a pittance and hoping against hope for international resolutions in our favor; the denudations of our mother earth, where the conglomerates heap up money for themselves leaving the poor residents with denuded forests and destroyed ancestral homes; the high tax rates paid by the ordinary populace only to end up in the pockets of the corrupt and the campaign kits by the powerful.

The Challenge of the “contribution from poverty”

The widow’s contribution from poverty is therefore a prophetic act for societal change.  Only in divesting oneself, by emptying the mind from self interest, from the corruptions of sins from the heart, only by cleansing one’s conscience and acting from the a pure heart will change truly come.  Contributing from surplus, but retaining still the stain of sin, arrogance, selfishness, and wanton desire for self-gratification mean nothing and effect nothing.

The act of the widow to contribute from poverty is likewise prophetic because it points forward to the action of Jesus’ greatest self sacrifice of his life so that in his death we achieve a new life, in his sacrifice we live, and in his baptism of death we receive a baptism of life.  And this challenge is not only for the few but to every believer of Jesus Christ, every baptized, and every citizen of the kingdom of heaven be white or colored, strong or weak, rich or poor.

Fr.’der, oar

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Frei Bo

Frei Bo

Priest-Religious of the Order of Augustinian Recollects, Province of St. Ezekiel Moreno. Webmaster.

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< 2021 >
September
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   1
  • All day
    September 1, 2021

    WORLD DAY OF PRAYER FOR THE CARE OF CREATION

    NOVENA TO ST. NICHOLAS OF TOLENTINO BEGINS

    ANNIVERSARY OF EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Francisco de Leon, D.D.
    (Bishop of the Diocese of Antipolo)

    BIRTHDAY

    Sis. Alicia Bañares, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Laurice Kathleen Barizon (RAY-Cavite)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY

    +Sr. Francisca de Sta. Maria, AR
    +Sr. Placida Patrimonio, AR
    +Sis. Primitiva Ayuda, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    +Sis. Pilar Betinol, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

2
  • All day
    September 2, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Fray Miguel Miró (72nd)
    Fray Federico Gregorio
    Maynard Negre (RAY-Talisay)

3
  • All day
    September 3, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Fray James Erold Gatinao (simply prof.)
    Sr. Annielyn Alejado, AR
    Sis. Salvacion Alonzo, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    Sis. Venus Maturan, SAR (Bacolod Chapter)
    Jay Warren Oberes (RAY-Balamban)
    Regina Kyle Regonas (RAY-Balamban)

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1969-2021)
    Fray Hernando Coja

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Ma. Rosario Padilla, AR

4
  • All day
    September 4, 2021

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR OAR VOCATION (cf. LAMP I,5c)

    SOLEMNITY OF OUR LADY OF CONSOLATION
    Be reminded of the plenary indulgence we may obtain today!

    OLCP- LARAY FIESTA MASS
    Time: 6:00 PM
    Presider & Homilist: Fr. Cresenciano Ubod

    PRIESTLY ORDINATION OF FRAY DAVID ENRIQUE CONEJO RAMIREZ, OAR
    (Alajuela, Mexico / Province of San Nicolas)

    BIRTHDAY

    Sis. Mary Grace Morales, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Sis. Marianne Burgos, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)
    Sis. Rosario Claver, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Ms. Brenda Saliendra, Sister General of the OAR

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1993-2021)
    Fray Emilio Jaruda

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Melchora de Sta. Teresita de Jesus, AR
    +Sis. Dorotea Magallon, SAR (Cebu Chapter

5
  • All day
    September 5, 2021

    52nd INTERNATIONAL EUCHARISTIC CONGRESS
    Budapest, Hungary / Sept. 5-12, 2021

    OLCP- MIRANILA FIESTA MASS
    Time: 9:00 AM
    Presider & Homilist: Most Rev. Roberto Gaa, D.D.

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Sixto Ciriaco Bitangjol
    Fray Tomokatsu Yamaguchi
    Sis. Marilyn Pariñas, SAR (Provincialate Chapter)
    Sis. Luz Mapalo, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Camila Doctor (RAY-Urbiztondo)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Antonia Dinsay, AR

6
  • All day
    September 6, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Michael Catama
    Fray Rellyric Delos Santos
    Fray John Zachary Haguisan
    Sis. Nimfa Ramirez, SAR (Manila Chapter)

7
  • All day
    September 7, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Fray Regino Bangcaya
    Sr. Anita Manigo, AR
    Sis. Charito Muñoz, SAR (Manila Chapter / Trial)
    Sis. Rosalina Dumdum, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)
    Sis. Osita Atotubo, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sis. Estela Pahilanga, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sis. Regina Babao, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

8
  • All day
    September 8, 2021

    BIRTHDAY OF MAMA MARY

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray René Paglinawan
    Fray Monday Benjamine Edobor
    Sr. Alejandra Bendoval, AR
    Sis. Gregoria Torion, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Ma. Lota Ignacio, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE & SOLEMN PROFESSION
    Sr. Loraine Lechago, OAR

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Lourdes Lolita Caballero, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)

9
  • All day
    September 9, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Arlyn de la Cruz, AR
    Laurence Canillo (RAY-Balamban)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1985-2021)
    Fray Dionisio Selma (Prior Provincial)

10
  • All day
    September 10, 2021

    SOLEMNITY OF ST. NICHOLAS OF TOLENTINE
    Be reminded of the plenary indulgence we may obtain today!

    51st FOUNDING ANNIVERSARY
    OF THE RECOLETOS DE PROVINCIALATE
    AS A COMMUNITY IN QUEZON CITY (Est. 1970)

    OAR STORY LECTURE SERIES / 8:00-12:00 A.M. / via Zoom & FB accounts
    “The Birth of the Augustinian Recollection”
    In celebration of the 400th Founding Anniversary of the Province of San Nicolas de Tolentino

    PATRONAL FIESTA MASS @ SNTP-DALIAO, KAOHSIUNG CITY, TAIWAN
    Time: 8:00 PM
    Presider: Fray Corvin Maturan, OAR

    FIESTA MASS @ SNT ORATORY – UNO-R BACOLOD

    FIESTA MASS @ SNTP – TALISAY CITY, NEGROS OCCIDENTAL
    Time: 10:00AM
    Presider: Most Rev. Patricio Buzon, D.D. (Bishop of the Diocese of Bacolod)

    FIESTA MASS @ SNTP – QUEZON CITY
    Time: 6:00PM

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Eufrocina Rusiana, AR
    Sr. Mary Grace Judith Alamares, AR
    Sis. Dulcessima Arellano, SAR (Cebu Chapter)
    Bro. Inocencio Sayo, SAR (Miranila Chapter)

    PRESBYTERAL ANNIVERSARY
    (1989-2021)
    Fray Francisco Antonio
    Fray Amadeo Lucero

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Josefina Alegata, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)

11
  • All day
    September 11, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Emilio Edgardo Quilatan
    Fr. Francis Cortez, SAR (Manila Chapter / diocesan priest)
    Sis. Emalyn del Mundo, SAR (Provincialate Chapter)
    Sis. Herminigilda Hernandez, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Davic James Cabatingan (RAY-Valencia)
    Dianne Morales (RAY-Provincialate)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1998-2021)
    Fray Randolph Castulo Castillo
    Fray Charlito Orobia
    Fray Amado Emmanuel Bolilia
    Fray Jonathan Caballero

12
  • All day
    September 12, 2021

    FIESTA MASS @ HOLY CROSS PARISH, TALIAO, KAOHSIUNG CITY, TAIWAN
    Time: 3:00 PM
    Presider: Fray Giovanni Gil Magbojos, OAR

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA
    September 12-15, 2021

    DAY 1: ROME – BUDAPEST – BRATISLAVA

    06:00Departure by airplane from

    Rome/Fiumicino International Airport for

    Budapest

    07:45Arrival at Budapest International Airport
    07:45OFFICIAL WELCOME at Budapest

    International Airport

    08:45MEETING WITH THE PRESIDENT OF

    THE REPUBLIC AND THE PRIME MINISTER at the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest

    09:15MEETING WITH THE BISHOPS at the

    Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest

    10:00MEETING WITH THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE ECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES AND SOME JEWISH COMMUNITIES IN HUNGARY at the

    Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest

    11:30HOLY MASS at Heroes’ Square in Budapest
    14:30FAREWELL CEREMONY at Budapest

    International Airport

    14:40Departure by airplane for Bratislava
    15:30Arrival at Bratislava International Airport
    15:30OFFICIAL WELCOME at Bratislava

    International Airport

    16:30ECUMENICAL MEETING at the Apostolic

    Nunciature in Bratislava

    17:30PRIVATE MEETING WITH THE

    MEMBERS OF THE SOCIETY OF JESUS at the Apostolic Nunciature in Bratislava


    B
    IRTHDAY
    Fray Jorr Rabacal
    Gerald Artates (RAY-Provincialate)

    PRESBYTERAL ANNIVERSARY
    (1992-2021)
    Fray Leander Barrot
    Fray Paulino Dacanay

13
  • All day
    September 13, 2021

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA

    DAY 2:  BRATISLAVA

    09:15WELCOME CEREMONY at the Presidential

    Palace in Bratislava

    09:30    COURTESY VISIT TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC in the “Golden Hall” of the Presidential Palace in Bratislava
    10:00     MEETING WITH AUTHORITIES, CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS in the garden of the Presidential Palace in Bratislava
    10:45     MEETING WITH BISHOPS, PRIESTS, RELIGIOUS, CONSECRATED PERSONS, SEMINARIANS, CATECHISTS at the Cathedral of Saint Martin in Bratislava
    16:00     PRIVATE VISIT TO THE “BETHLEHEM CENTER” in Bratislava
    16:45      MEETING WITH THE JEWISH COMMUNITY at Rybné námestie Square in Bratislava
    18:00     VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PARLIAMENT at the Apostolic Nunciature in Bratislava
    18:15      VISIT OF THE PRIME MINISTER at the Apostolic Nunciature in Bratislava


    B
    IRTHDAY

    Sis. Aida Lopez, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Sis. Azela Kilayko, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Robert John Navarro (RAY-Miranila)
    Hon. Rufus Rodriguez, Brother General of the Order

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    Fray Dionisio Cachero (1970-2021)

    PRESBYTERAL ANNIVERSARY
    (1997-2021)
    Fray Jose Ernil Almayo

    FIRST DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Fray Emilio Larlar Jr. [Attention! Recoletos de Provincialate Community: cf. Add. Code
    94ª: “When a brother dies, whether a novice or professed, the community to which he
    belongs will celebrate … Mass on the first anniversary of his death.”]

14
  • All day
    September 14, 2021

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA

    DAY 3: BRATISLAVA – KOŠICE – PREŠOV – KOŠICE – BRATISLAVA
    Departure by airplane for Košice

    08:10
    09:00    Arrival at Košice Airport
    10:30     BYZANTINE DIVINE LITURGY OF SAINT JOHN CHRYSOSTOM PRESIDED BY THE HOLY FATHER in the square of the Mestská športová hala in Prešov
    16:00     MEETING WITH THE ROMA COMMUNITY at Luník IX district in Košice
    17:00     MEETING WITH YOUNG PEOPLE at Lokomotiva Stadium in Košice
    18:30     Departure by airplane for Bratislava
    19:30     Arrival at Bratislava International Airport

    BIRTHDAY

    Sr. Ma. Lourdes Piccio, AR Sr. Floramae Lanuza, AR
    Sis. Catalina Marzon, SAR (Tondo Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Rizalina Poblete, SAR (Cavite Chapter)

15
  • All day
    September 15, 2021

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA

    DAY 4: BRATISLAVA – ŠAŠTIN – BRATISLAVA – ROME
    10:00    HOLY MASS at the National Shrine in Šaštin
    13:30    FAREWELL CEREMONY at Bratislava International Airport
    13:45     Departure by airplane for Rome
    15:30    Arrival at Rome/Ciampino International Airport

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Anthony Morillo
    Fray James Bumangabang
    Sis. Leonida Tejada, SAR (Provincialate Chapter)
    Sis. Patria Laguna, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Beah Marie Ganarias (RAY-Bacolod)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Lolita Jara, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    +Sis. Josefina Villa, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)

16
  • All day
    September 16, 2021

    108th ANNIVERSARY
    OF RELIGIOSAS FAMILIAS

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Joseph Cyprian Panaligan
    Fray Robin Ross Plata
    Sr. Mary Ann Lumactao, AR
    Bro. Nestor Paredes, SAR (Puerto Princesa Chapter)
    Bro. Almario de la Cerna, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Angeles Gabutina, AR

17
  • All day
    September 17, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Rosalina Derain, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Anita Luces, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Aurora Guilaran, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Julia Tamsi (RAY-Baguio)
    Most Rev. Socrates Mesiona, D.D. (Apostolic Vicariate of Puerto Princesa)

18
  • All day
    September 18, 2021

    OAR STORY LECTURE SERIES / 9:00-12:00 A.M. / via Zoom & FB accounts
    “The Recollect Contributions to Philippine Culture and Society”

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Henry Santiago
    Sr. Ma. Ruth Gulane, AR
    Sis. Mary Ann Cabanes, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Sis. Demetria Bayona, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sis. Josefina Tampus, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Lourdes Donayre, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

     

19
  • All day
    September 19, 2021

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR THE SICK (cf. LAMP I,5c)

    FEAST – ST. ALONSO DE OROZCO

    3rd ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARRIVAL OF THE
    PIONEER RECOLETOS MISSIONARIES IN INDONESIA

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Joseph Philip Trayvilla
    Fray Joel Alve

20
  • All day
    September 20, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Ma. Nena Labrague, AR
    Sr. Kristine Ignacio, AR
    Sis. Normita Pleno, SAR (Cavite Chapter)
    Sis. Corazon Catindig, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Estella Marie Andador (RAY-Talisay)

21
  • All day
    September 21, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Alexus Mansueto
    Sis. Carmencita Estillore, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Sis. Estewrlita Alao, SAR (Laray Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Isabel Pantoja, AR
    +Sr. Salvacion Olalo, AR
    +Sr. Ma. Susana Quiñones, AR
    +Sis. Aquilina Gonzales, SAR (Manila Chapter)

22
  • All day
    September 22, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Sr. Marietta Angelica Gunayan, AR
    Sr. Nancy Macaraig, AR Sr. Sheryl Garcia, AR
    Sis. Luzonica del Rosario, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    Sis. Pilar Gomez, SAR (Cebu Chapter)
    Lebron Jay Bantog (RAY-Valencia)

23
  • All day
    September 23, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Vicente Ramon, Jr.
    Sis. Julia Sonsona, SAR (Tondo Chapter)

    ANNIVERSAY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Roberto Gaa (Bishop of the Diocese of Novaliches)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Sebastiana Jaropojop, AR
    +Sr. Agustina Salcedo, AR
    +Sis. Florencia Velarde, SAR (Manila Chapter)

24
  • All day
    September 24, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Bernadita Campos, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Dinah Espino, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sugarrey Rendajae (RAY-Talisay)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1967-2021)
    Fray Emeterio Buñao

25
  • All day
    September 25, 2021

    OAR STORY LECTURE SERIES / 9:00-12:00 A.M. / via Zoom & FB accounts
    “The Province of St. Ezekiel Moreno”

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Lucita Mingueto, OAR

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Esperanza Heffler, AR

26
  • All day
    September 26, 2021

    107th WORLD DAY OF MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
    Theme: Towards an Ever Wider “We”

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Concesa da Silva, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Sis. Ma. Lourdes Mirasol, SAR (Bacolod Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Socorro Ladim, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)

27
  • All day
    September 27, 2021

    2021 WORLD TOURISM DAY
    (cf. Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development)

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Rafaela Paras, AR
    Sr. Damiana Tafalla, AR
    Sr. Ma. Melodina Ramirez, AR
    Sis. Estrella Buelo, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    Sis. Teresa Fuertes, SAR (Cavite Chapter)
    Sis. Rosita Lacao, SAR (Inagawan Chapter)
    Sis. Susan Manalon, SAR (Inagawan Chapter)
    Sis. Ruth Miralles, SAR (Inagawan Chapter)
    Sis. Encarnacion Cinco, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY:
    +Sr. Genoveva del Santissimo Sacramento, AR

28
  • All day
    September 28, 2021

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR THE MISSION (cf. LAMP I,5c)

    BLESSED MARTYRS OF JAPAN

    ANNIVERSARY OF EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Bp. Peter Liu of Kaohsiung (Taiwan) [1994-2021]

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Salome Mapili, SAR (Valencia Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Iluminada Apurillo, AR

29
  • All day
    September 29, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Roderick Deguit
    Sis. Mercedita Macabihag, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)
    Rodelin Oredina (RAY-Talisay)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Maria Acuña, SAR (Cebu Chapter)
    +Sis. Elvira Birondo, SAR (Talisay Chapter)

30
  • All day
    September 30, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Ferdinand Fornilos
    Sr. Crisanta Lerios, AR
    Sis. Teresita Labos, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (2017-2021)
    Fray Invenzor Melgazo
    Fray Jayferson Baldelovar
    Fray Mark Saludes

  

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