COMMUNION WITH CHRIST: Recollection Material for April 2019 (Jn. 15:1-8)

Communion within the community can be solidly built up only in Christ and by Christ. We are members of his body, and to live the communion is nothing else than to fully express that we live by his grace, and this grace, like a spiritual sap, unites all of us members of Christ’s Body in a special way to our brothers in the community. Christ is the Vine, we are the branches. Whoever separates himself from this pristine and essential communion ends up in failure and sterility. Without Christ there is no fruit.

I prepare my heart

God is abundance and generosity. He has gifted me with intelligence to understand, with a heart to love, freedom to responsibly choose, and create beauty in this world. Thankful to God for these great gifts, I present myself in his presence to live out a day of encounter with him. I thank the Lord for the gift of this day of recollection. I dispose my intelligence to be conscious of the Words that God speaks to me. I dispose my heart to profit from the dialogue and to allow his Word to remove my inordinate desires. I dispose my will to bravely respond to God and to the motions that he puts in my interior self. Finally, I beg the Holy Spirit for his presence, his help, his strength, his light… his graces so that my day of recollection may effectively be a happy and docile encounter with the Triune God.

Come, Holy Spirit, by whom every devout soul who believes in Christ is sanctified to become a citizen of the City of God! (en. Ps. 45:8) Come, Holy Spirit, grant that we receive the motions of God, put in us your flame, enlighten us and raise us up to God (s. 128, 4).

I open my heart

With heart well disposed and with serenity, I read slowly the following words, savoring them and allowing myself to be touched by them:

I am the true vine, and my Father is the vine grower. He takes away every branch in me that does not bear fruit, and every one that does he prunes so that it bears more fruit. You are already pruned because of the word that I spoke to you. Remain in me, as I remain in you. Just as a branch cannot bear fruit on its own unless it remains on the vine, so neither can you unless you remain in me. I am the vine you are the branches. Whoever remains in me and I in him will bear much fruit, because without me you can do nothing. Anyone who does not remain in me will be thrown out like a branch and wither; people will gather them and throw them into a fire and they will be burned. If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask for whatever you want and it will be done for you. By this is my Father glorified, that you bear much fruit and become my disciples.

I return to my heart

Biblical keys

The image of the vine is so common in the agricultural world of Israel that it becomes a religious symbol. The frontispiece of the temple in Jerusalem had a beautiful and verdant vine as a symbol of the whole people.

“I am (ego eimi) the true vine” (v.1a). In the Gospel of John, Jesus uses the metaphor of “I am” (Gk: ego eimi) in various occasions: “I am the bread of life” (6:35); “I am the living bread who has descended from heaven” (6:51); “I am the light of the world” (8:12); “I am the gate of the sheepfold” (10:7); “I am the good shepherd” (10:11); “I am the resurrection and the life” (11:25); “I am the way, the truth, and the life” (14:6).

This language of “I am” reminds us of Moses’ encounter with God in the burning bush, when God made himself known to Moses as “I am who I am” (Ex 3:14). It means that “I am” is God and these images of “I am” identify Jesus as God. This is the last of the metaphors of “I am” in this gospel. Like the other images of “I am” (bread, light, gate, shepherd, etc.), the metaphor of the vine assures and comforts us, because for a nomadic people the vineyard is a symbol of settlement, of calling a place one’s home, that is, finding in God and in Christ a place to remain and bear fruit.

The first part of this text (vv. 1-4) presents the Father as the vine grower and the Son as the vine. The Father prunes those branches that do not bear fruit. To bear fruit it is necessary to be clean and remain in the vine to receive the sap as nourishment.

There is a play of words in the verses 2-3 in the Greek text. The Father, who is the farmer, “Cuts off (airei) every branch that bears no fruit, and all those that bear fruit he cuts off/ he cleans (kathairei), that it may bear more fruit. You are already clean (katharoi) because of the word that I have spoken to you.” It seems that the author has chosen these words conscious of their literary and spiritual value, because the verb kathairei implicitly contains the value of  to prune and to purify. The Father’s action towards the believers, represented by the branches, is this: to purify them of all impediments so that they can bear more fruits, as effectively happens with the vine.

“Remain (meinate, vb. meno) in me, and I in you” (v.4a). This verb, meno, in its various forms (including the equivalent substantive) appears in various passages of this Gospel. In majority of the cases, it describes an important relationship, paradoxically it signifies an active permanence, activated by the power of love that should bring the believer to bear fruit. It is all put in contrast to a passive and unfruitful permanence whose consequence is being cut off and separated from the vine, who is Christ, i.e., the life.

In this image, Jesus presents to us the fulfillment of the new authentic Israel; by extension, of a new community that allows itself to be pruned and cleansed by the Father to bear fruit. This purifying power is fulfilled by the power of the Word (Jn 17:17).

The second part (vv. 5-8) specifies how Jesus is the vine and the disciples are the branches who must remain united to the vine to produce good fruits. The disciples separated from Jesus are like the branches separated from the vine that wither and deserve only to be thrown into the fire. It is an absolute affirmation to indicate the imperious necessity that a disciple be united with Christ. This union describes the communion of the believer with Christ. Communion with Christ is fulfilled in the acceptance and the living out of the Word. In other words, the bond with Christ consists in remaining in his Word thus creating a mutual communion between the branches and the vine. The branch separated from the vine withers and dies.

We must remain united to the vine, nourishing ourselves from the sap that is the Word itself, and that Word is Jesus himself.

Augustinian keys

The communion, like the Cross, has two senses. One is vertical directed towards Christ, and the other horizontal towards the brothers. These are two inseparable dimensions of the communion. If one of the two is lacking, there is no true communion. Communion with Christ separated from communion with the Body of Christ, who are my brothers, is a spiritual chimera. The communion with the brothers, prescinding from Christ, is a mere social utopia.

United with the whole Christ, Head and Body

In the Augustinian ecclesiological reflection, the Pauline image of the Body of Christ occupies a fundamental place (1 Cor. 12:12-27). For this reason, St. Augustine on speaking about communion always points towards both directions, because communion implies essential and basic communion with Christ the head, but also a communion with those who are members of this Body of Christ who are the brothers. It is not coherent to say that one lives in communion with Christ the head, by prayer, by spiritual life and the pious practice of the sacraments, if one does not live in full communion with the brothers. St. Augustine, as an example of this reality, reminds us that the best proof of love of God is the love of the brothers. Whoever lives in communion with Christ must love and live in communion with his brothers:

But where must we exercise our charity? In the love of the brother. You can tell me “I have not seen God”; but can you perhaps tell me: I have not seen man”? Love the brother. Because if you love the brother whom you see, you will also see God, because you will see charity itself, within which God dwells (ep. Io. tr. 5, 7).

In the communion of the Body of Christ, it is fundamental to bear fruit, allow the renewing sap of God’s grace to produce fruit in every branch. Nevertheless, communion also implies moments of pruning and purification. The communion in our communities must live moments of purification and pruning. These are moments of apparent defeat and death, but with the purpose of giving more fruit. Christ was the first bunch that was pressed on the Cross and from him came out the wine of salvation.

The first bunch crushed in the winepress is Christ. That bunch, on being crushed during the passion, from it flowed out the juice, of which it was said: “What an excellent inebriating chalice!” (en. Ps. 55:4)

The pruning and the purification

Face to face with the triumphalist vision of the contemporaneous world, where the Cross is not only forgotten, but rather held in great fear, the Paschal Mystery of Christ, dead and risen, invites us to reflect on our own spiritual process. In it we must recognize that we are constructing a communion through our own purification, allowing the Divine Farmer to prune and purify our being, interior and exterior, with the challenge of bearing more fruit, allow him to purify the clean ones, as St. Augustine indicates, that they may bear more fruit:

In effect, who is so clean that he has no further need to be cleaned more and more in this life, where, if we were to say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not is us; if, on the other hand, we had confessed our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and cleanse us of all iniquity? Evidently, let him cleanse the clean ones, i.e., the fruitful ones, so that they may be more fruitful the cleaner they are (Io. eu. tr. 80, 2).

Life in community is not easy and in many occasions demands that the religious learn to die unto himself, that he lose what he believed he possessed (health, well-being, comfort) to bear more fruit for God. Whoever builds communion in the community should interpret these losses or cleansing as occasions of growth, not as simple human elements that have a very limited interpretation. Whoever follows Christ will suffer persecution inside and outside the community. What matters is to love and bear fruit. And this fruit must be a fruit tasty and pleasing to God:

Therefore, if you suffer no persecution for Christ, watch out, you may not have started to live devoutly in Christ. Because when you begin to live devoutly in Christ you have entered into the winepress; be prepared to be crushed, but be not arid, do not be without giving out some juice (en. Ps. 55:4).

Above all, the grace

The allegory of the vine and the branches will serve St. Augustine particularly in his polemics with the Pelagians, to underline the poverty of the human being and his absolute necessity for God. For this, he invites us to consider that the building up of communion in the community is a gift of God. We do not deal only nor principally with human effort, but that it is a gift of God. The human instruments can orient and help us, but not like infallible panaceas. If God does not give his grace, we can do nothing.

So that no one may suppose that by itself the branch can bear fruit, at least a little, after having said: “This gives much fruit,” he does not assert: “Because without me you can do little,” but: “You can do nothing.” Without that, therefore, without him you can do nothing, you can do neither little nor much (Io. eu. tr. 81, 3).

Because of this, facing the great problems that confront the communion in the present, we must act, but above all we must pray that our faith may not waver at the moment of the pruning and the cleansing, and so that we can bear much fruit.

St. Augustine, in his letters, recommends himself to the prayers of the addressees of his letters. We also pray for the brothers of the community, for the whole Order, so that God may grant us the gift of unity, of peace and communion:

Pray, my son, pray. I know what I say, I know what I ask for. Let it not seem unworthy and above your merits; … Not only you, but all those who by your words may love me, pray for me. Indicate to them that I asked for it … Consider that I have commanded what I ask; give to the petitioner, obey him who commands. Pray for me (ep. 231, 6).

Questions for community dialogue

  1. To live united to the vine who is Christ is to live in full communion with Christ the head and with Christ the Body. How do you manifest in your day to day life the full communion with the brothers?
  2. The Father, who is the Farmer, prunes the branches that they may bear more fruit. How do you face the pruning by God? What was the latest pruning you have experienced and how did you take it?
  3. Without Christ we can do nothing. What gifts of grace do you experience in your community?
  4. Prayer helps us to build communion in the community. What importance do you give to the prayer of the brothers and of the Church?

I lift up my heart

Let us give thanks to God for the gifts, the strength and the enlightenment he has granted us on this day of recollection. For this, the following words of St. Augustine can serve us:

We ask and implore you in the Lord, that on the one hand, you retain in memory what you have heard, … But open your heart to the good seeds; pull out the brambles, that they may not choke what was sown in you, but that the harvest may increase, the farmer be full of joy and prepare for you a granary as for wheat, not the fire as for chaff (ep. Io. tr. 5, 13).

“In effect, whoever thinks that he can bear fruit by himself, is not in the vine; whoever is not in the vine, is not in Christ; whoever is not in Christ is not Christian. This is the deepest of your shipwreck” (Io. eu. tr. 81, 2). +

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Fray Hubert Dunstan Decena, OAR

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< 2019 >
June
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  • All day
    June 1, 2019

    APOSTOLIC JOURNEY TO ROMANIA
    (May 31-June 2, 2019)

    Day 2: Bucarest-Bacau-Sumuleu-Ciuc-Iasi-Bucarest

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Raul Buhay
    Fray Russell Lapidez

     

2
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    June 2, 2019

    ASCENSION OF THE LORD
    WORLD COMMUNICATIONS DAY

    APOSTOLIC JOURNEY TO ROMANIA
    (May 31-June 2, 2019)

    Day 3: Bucarest-Sibiu-Blaj-Sibiu-Rome

    148th ANNIVERSARY (1871- 2019) OF ST. EZEKIEL MORENO’S PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION

    COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES & TRANSITIO ET FORMATIO
    Venue: Casiciaco Recoletos Seminary Baguio City / Time: 2:00PM

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Constantino Real

3
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    June 3, 2019

    NATIONWIDE OPENING OF S.Y. 2019-2020
    (cf. DepEd Order No. 007 series of 2019, dated April 22, 2019)

    CSNT-R SCHOOL OPENING
    SPA-R SCHOOL OPENING

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Roy Baluarte
    Fray Ramon Bitancor III (simple prof.)

4
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    June 4, 2019

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR VOCATIONS (cf. LAMP 5c)

5
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    June 5, 2019

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION (1985-2019)
    Fray Francisco Antonio
    Fray Amadeo Lucero

6
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    June 6, 2019

    148th ANNIVERSARY (1871-2019) OF ST. EZEKIEL MORENO’S ARRIVAL IN [CALAPAN] MINDORO

    17th PROVINCIAL COUNCIL MEETING

7
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    June 7, 2019

    MASS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT – SPA-R

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Ma. Teresita Aurigue, AR

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL & EPISCOPAL ORDINATIONS
    Most Rev. Raul Dael (Diocese of Tandag)

8
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    June 8, 2019

    OAR FORMANDS CONVENTION
    Venue: RFC, Miranila, Quezon City Inclusive Dates: June 8 -12, 2019

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Mary Joy Dula, AR

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Ryan Jimenez, D.D. (Diocese of Chalan Kanoa [Saipan])

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Amparo del Sgdo. Corazon de Jesus, AR

9
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    June 9, 2019

    PENTECOST SUNDAY

    398th FOUNDING ANNIVERSARY OF RECOLETOS DE CEBU

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Purificacion Glimada, AR Sr. Ma. Lea Eseo, AR
    Sr. Evangeline Pejano, AR

10
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    June 10, 2019

    CST-R SCHOOL OPENING

    USJ-R BALAMBAN CAMPUS SCHOOL OPENING (JHS and SHS)

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Joel Villaruel

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1984-2019)
    Fray Raul Buhay
    Fray Manuel Lipardo
    Fray Domingo Saladaga, Jr.
    Fray William Emilito Villaflor

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Carmela Garcia, AR
    Sr. Soledad Cañete, AR

11
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    June 11, 2019

    BIRTHDAY:
    Most Rev. Francisco M. de Leon, D.D. (Diocese of Antipolo)
    Fray Bernabe Dosdos
    Fray Joshua Olaivar (simple prof.)
    Sr. Ma. Divina Caabay, AR

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1983-2018)
    Fray Bernard Amparado
    Fray Joseph Granada
    Fray Cristituto Palomar
    Fray Jorge Peligro

12
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    June 12, 2019

    ST. JOHN OF SAHAGUN

    Philippines’ 121st INDEPENDENCE DAY

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Micaela de la Virgen del Carmen, AR

13
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    June 13, 2019

    BOT MEETING – SSC-R MANILA
    Venue: SSC-R Manila / 9:00 AM

    USJ-R BALAMBAN CAMPUS SCHOOL OPENING (Elementary)

    BIRTHDAY:

    Most Rev. Antonio Tobias (Diocese of Novaliches)
    Mo. Lucena Antipala, AR (General Superior of the CARS)
    Sr. Antonia Pono, AR

    ANNIVERSARY OF SOLEMN PROFESSION (Religious Brother):
    (1998-2019)
    Fray Jaazeal Jakosalem

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Fe de la Sgda. Familia, AR

14
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    BOT MEETING – SSC-R CAVITE
    Venue: SSC-R Manila / 2:00 PM

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Jose Teodulfo Jadulco

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1972-2019)
    Fray Federico Gregorio
    Fray Lauro Larlar
    Fray Ceferino Añez

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Michaela de la Virgen del Carmen, AR
    Mo. Maria Josefa Borces, AR

15
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    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Nelson Plohimon
    Sr. Ma. Clotilde Edora, AR
    Sr. Adoracion Pagsisihan, AR
    Sr. Isis Vita Villagonzalo, AR

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Manuela de San Agustin, AR

16
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    HOLY TRINITY SUNDAY

    PAPAL VISIT TO CAMERINO – SAN SEVERINO MARCHE

    BIRTHDAY:
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    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1974-2019)
    Fray Enrico Peter Silab

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Encarnacion Hynson, AR

17
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    UNO-R SCHOOL OPENING

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    Venue: UNO-R Bacolod / 9:00 AM

    BOT MEETING – SPA VALENCIA & SPA-R CAIDIOCAN
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18
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    BOT MEETING – CST-R SAN CARLOS
    Venue: UNO-R Bacolod / 9:00 AM

    BOT MEETING – CSNT-R TALISAY
    Venue: UNO-R Bacolod / 2:00 PM

    BOT MEETING – RESOURCE HANDUMANAN INC.

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Irenea Vergara, AR
    Sr. Ma. Corazon Barroca, AR

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1978-2019)
    Fray Joseph Philip Trayvilla

    ANNIVERSARY OF EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Honesto Ongtioco, DD (Diocese of Cubao)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Fray Victor Lluch (2004-2019 / 15th)

19
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    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR THE SICK (cf. LAMP 5c)

    BOT MEETING – USJ-R MAIN, CEBU
    Venue: USJ-R Main, Cebu / 9:00 AM

    BOT MEETING – USJ-R BALAMBAN
    Venue: USJ-R Main, Cebu / 2:00 PM

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Reynaldo Evangelista, DD (Diocese of Imus)

    (2010-2019)
    Fray Leo Alaras
    Fray Michael Catama
    Fray Kenneth Joseph Onda Fray James Dexter Tanquis

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1977-2019)
    Fray René Paglinawan
    Fray Leonardo Pauligue
    Fray Samson Silloriquez

    ANNIVERSARY OF EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Buenaventura Famadico, DD (Diocese of San Pablo)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Rosa de Padua, AR

20
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    June 20, 2019

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Renier Alviola
    Fray Enrico Nacorda

21
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    June 21, 2019

    MASS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT – CSNT-R
    *tentative schedule

    BIRTHDAY
    Luis Antonio Card. Tagle (Archdiocese of Manila)
    Sr. Ma. Luisa Borces, AR

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    (2005-2019)
    Jaime Cardinal Sin (Brother General of the Order)

22
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    June 22, 2019

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Paulino Dacanay

23
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    June 23, 2019

    CORPUS [ET SANGUIS] CHRISTI

    78th FOUNDING ANNIVERSARY OF RECOLETOS DE SAN CARLOS (Negros Occidental)

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Geronima Ruiz, AR
    Sr. Jesusa Pedrez, AR
    Sr. Juanita Payawal, AR

24
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    June 24, 2019

    NATIVITY OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST

    CURSO DE PREPARACION 2019
    Venue: Madrid, Spain
    Inclusive Dates: June 24- August 3, 2019

    USJ-R MAIN/BASAK CAMPUS SCHOOL OPENING

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Geronima Ruiz, AR
    Sr. Jesusa Pedrez, AR
    Sr. Juanita Payawal, AR

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Ma. Presentacion Ramirez, AR

25
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    June 25, 2019

    SSC-R MANILA SCHOOL OPENING (Basic Education)

    EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Bp.-elect Cosme Damian Almedilla (Bishop of Butuan)

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray William Emilito Villaflor

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Ma. Luisa Padilla, AR

26
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    June 26, 2019

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Julius Marcos
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    ANNIVERSARY OF EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Vicente Navarra, DD (Bishop Emeritus of Bacolod)

27
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    June 27, 2019

    BIRTHDAY
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    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Ma. Catalina del Amor Misericordioso, AR

28
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    June 28, 2019

    SACRED HEART OF JESUS

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR THE MISSIONS (cf. LAMP 5c)

    MASS OF THE HOLY SPIRIT – USJ-R BALAMBAN CAMPUS

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Enrico Peter Silab
    Fray Samson Silloriquez

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1990-2019)
    Fray Bernabe Dosdos

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Francisco M. de Leon, D.D. (Diocese of Antipolo)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Margarita de Lumbania, AR

29
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    June 29, 2019

    STS. PETER AND PAUL
    10th ANNIVERSARY FO THE ENCYCLICAL, CARITAS IN VERITATE (2009)

    SIMPLE PROFESSION OF VOWS
    Venue: SEMONORE, Antipolo City / 9:00 A.M.

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    Fray Helfrid D. Palmis
    Fray Nero F. Bautista
    Fray Jose Enrico V. Gallego
    Fray Rey Jay Y. Quevedo
    Fray Renz Calex C. Soriano
    Fray Jhoben M. Rodriguez

    ANNIVERSARY OF RELIGIOUS PROFESSION
    (1967-2019)
    Most Rev. Patricio Buzon, SDB, D.D. (Diocese of Bacolod)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1971-2019)
    Fray Rafael Cabarles

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    Sr. Rosario Alvero, AR

30
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    June 30, 2019

    13th SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME

      

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