"Moved by the Spirit" from a historian's perspective

77274401_427065337987842_8980874137463422976_n

Note: This is the complete text of Prof. Modesto Sao-noy’s review about the Album of Religious and Communites “Moved by the Spirit” delivered during the book launch of the said publication on the occasion of the 21st founding anniversary of the Province of St. Ezekiel Moreno last November 28, 2019.

This is the title of a book that I had the pleasure of reviewing on invitation of the Province of St. Ezekiel Moreno of the Augustinian Recollects last November 28. The book was launched at the Provincialate of the Order in Quezon City to commemorate the 21st year of the foundation of the Province. Heretofore, the Recollects in the Philippines belonged to the Province of San Nicolas de Tolentino with houses, parishes, schools, formation institutes, hospitals and many other institutes of apostolic work all over the world.

After the decision in 1588 of the Augustinian Province of Castile, the Augustinian Recollects became a separate province to live a more austere life in 1602. The first Recollect missionaries came to the Philippines in 1606 and to Negros in 1626. They left ten years later after an exchange of mission territory but returned to Negros in 1848 and remained here since then.

The young Province of St. Ezekiel Moreno, however, has centuries of experience and missionary work that even today it has institutions and members in the continents of Europe, the Americas, Africa and the Pacific which includes missions to Guam, Marianas and Indonesia. The Philippines has the largest number of their institutions, understandably because of their long stay in this country.

Sadly, many in Negros today are unaware of the great contributions of the Order in our island. Certainly, their parishes and schools in Negros and those who have passed their doorways keep the Recollect name and spirit alive but for others they are just another of the several other religious congregations in Negros.

The Recollects have a special place in our history not only for their pastoral and missionary work but for several others beyond their convents. Of the 31 cities and towns on Occidental Negros, 29 were created by the Recollects or expanded by them. Even the other two, Salvador Benedicto and Hinoba-an were villages that sprung from the works of the Recollect missionaries.

When they arrived in Negros there were only eight towns – the rest were villages or towns that were obliterated or reduced into sitios due to depopulation resulting from Muslim raids that persisted in this island until 1828. The Recollects reassembled, as it were, some of these towns, like Minuluan (now Talisay), Binalbagan and Tukgagwan (now E.B. Magalona) and created villages from scattered evacuees and settlers.

There were no formal schools then but Recollect convents that taught the Catholic faith included secular subjects as reading, writing, and Spanish. They taught agriculture and handicrafts including carpentry and masonry. They introduced many species and varieties of fruits and vegetables and root crops. Even the lowly root crop we call kamoteng kahoy was introduced. Its name is tapioca which is native to South America where the Recollects would pass by on route from Spain to the Philippines.

Of course, the Spanish government and entrepreneurs had their hand in agricultural development as well. The point is that the Recollects did not keep still in their convents preaching but also initiated economic projects that benefitted their faithful.

The most palpable of their agricultural projects was the expansion of the sugarcane cultivation. When they arrived here in 1848, sugar was produced in small quantities. The records show we produced just about 3,000 bags. When the sinamay trade in Panay collapsed, the investors there turned their eyes to Negros for the cultivation of sugarcane. The Iloilo port that opened to international shipping in 1855 created a large demand for sugar for export to England. Investors mainly from the weakening sinamay industry shifted their money to Negros. This is where the Recollect missionaries came in.

The Spanish government had invited immigrants to Negros to develop the island’s wide swath of fertile lands “without owners”. The investors thus called on the parish priests, mainly Recollects (except for Bacolod and Silay as the Filipino priests refused to vacate) and sought their help to find suitable lands.

Fr. Fernando Cuenca of Minuluan who had traversed the island on a government mission knew where the best lands were. The Recollects’ role in the development of the sugar industry did not only involve siting the best lands but also helping improve production and processing.

Most Recollects left after the revolution but “moved by the Spirit” they never left but instead grew exponentially. Appropriately, the Philippines is now their base of evangelization.   

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Modesto Sao-noy

Modesto Sao-noy

Historian & Contributor, RecoletosFilipinas.org

Leave a Comment





< 2021 >
September
SMTuWThFS
   1
  • All day
    September 1, 2021

    WORLD DAY OF PRAYER FOR THE CARE OF CREATION

    NOVENA TO ST. NICHOLAS OF TOLENTINO BEGINS

    ANNIVERSARY OF EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Francisco de Leon, D.D.
    (Bishop of the Diocese of Antipolo)

    BIRTHDAY

    Sis. Alicia Bañares, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Laurice Kathleen Barizon (RAY-Cavite)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY

    +Sr. Francisca de Sta. Maria, AR
    +Sr. Placida Patrimonio, AR
    +Sis. Primitiva Ayuda, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    +Sis. Pilar Betinol, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

2
  • All day
    September 2, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Fray Miguel Miró (72nd)
    Fray Federico Gregorio
    Maynard Negre (RAY-Talisay)

3
  • All day
    September 3, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Fray James Erold Gatinao (simply prof.)
    Sr. Annielyn Alejado, AR
    Sis. Salvacion Alonzo, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    Sis. Venus Maturan, SAR (Bacolod Chapter)
    Jay Warren Oberes (RAY-Balamban)
    Regina Kyle Regonas (RAY-Balamban)

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    (1969-2021)
    Fray Hernando Coja

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Ma. Rosario Padilla, AR

4
  • All day
    September 4, 2021

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR OAR VOCATION (cf. LAMP I,5c)

    SOLEMNITY OF OUR LADY OF CONSOLATION
    Be reminded of the plenary indulgence we may obtain today!

    OLCP- LARAY FIESTA MASS
    Time: 6:00 PM
    Presider & Homilist: Fr. Cresenciano Ubod

    PRIESTLY ORDINATION OF FRAY DAVID ENRIQUE CONEJO RAMIREZ, OAR
    (Alajuela, Mexico / Province of San Nicolas)

    BIRTHDAY

    Sis. Mary Grace Morales, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Sis. Marianne Burgos, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)
    Sis. Rosario Claver, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Ms. Brenda Saliendra, Sister General of the OAR

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1993-2021)
    Fray Emilio Jaruda

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Melchora de Sta. Teresita de Jesus, AR
    +Sis. Dorotea Magallon, SAR (Cebu Chapter

5
  • All day
    September 5, 2021

    52nd INTERNATIONAL EUCHARISTIC CONGRESS
    Budapest, Hungary / Sept. 5-12, 2021

    OLCP- MIRANILA FIESTA MASS
    Time: 9:00 AM
    Presider & Homilist: Most Rev. Roberto Gaa, D.D.

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Sixto Ciriaco Bitangjol
    Fray Tomokatsu Yamaguchi
    Sis. Marilyn Pariñas, SAR (Provincialate Chapter)
    Sis. Luz Mapalo, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Camila Doctor (RAY-Urbiztondo)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Antonia Dinsay, AR

6
  • All day
    September 6, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Michael Catama
    Fray Rellyric Delos Santos
    Fray John Zachary Haguisan
    Sis. Nimfa Ramirez, SAR (Manila Chapter)

7
  • All day
    September 7, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Fray Regino Bangcaya
    Sr. Anita Manigo, AR
    Sis. Charito Muñoz, SAR (Manila Chapter / Trial)
    Sis. Rosalina Dumdum, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)
    Sis. Osita Atotubo, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sis. Estela Pahilanga, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sis. Regina Babao, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

8
  • All day
    September 8, 2021

    BIRTHDAY OF MAMA MARY

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray René Paglinawan
    Fray Monday Benjamine Edobor
    Sr. Alejandra Bendoval, AR
    Sis. Gregoria Torion, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Ma. Lota Ignacio, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE & SOLEMN PROFESSION
    Sr. Loraine Lechago, OAR

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Lourdes Lolita Caballero, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)

9
  • All day
    September 9, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Arlyn de la Cruz, AR
    Laurence Canillo (RAY-Balamban)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1985-2021)
    Fray Dionisio Selma (Prior Provincial)

10
  • All day
    September 10, 2021

    SOLEMNITY OF ST. NICHOLAS OF TOLENTINE
    Be reminded of the plenary indulgence we may obtain today!

    51st FOUNDING ANNIVERSARY
    OF THE RECOLETOS DE PROVINCIALATE
    AS A COMMUNITY IN QUEZON CITY (Est. 1970)

    OAR STORY LECTURE SERIES / 8:00-12:00 A.M. / via Zoom & FB accounts
    “The Birth of the Augustinian Recollection”
    In celebration of the 400th Founding Anniversary of the Province of San Nicolas de Tolentino

    PATRONAL FIESTA MASS @ SNTP-DALIAO, KAOHSIUNG CITY, TAIWAN
    Time: 8:00 PM
    Presider: Fray Corvin Maturan, OAR

    FIESTA MASS @ SNT ORATORY – UNO-R BACOLOD

    FIESTA MASS @ SNTP – TALISAY CITY, NEGROS OCCIDENTAL
    Time: 10:00AM
    Presider: Most Rev. Patricio Buzon, D.D. (Bishop of the Diocese of Bacolod)

    FIESTA MASS @ SNTP – QUEZON CITY
    Time: 6:00PM

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Eufrocina Rusiana, AR
    Sr. Mary Grace Judith Alamares, AR
    Sis. Dulcessima Arellano, SAR (Cebu Chapter)
    Bro. Inocencio Sayo, SAR (Miranila Chapter)

    PRESBYTERAL ANNIVERSARY
    (1989-2021)
    Fray Francisco Antonio
    Fray Amadeo Lucero

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Josefina Alegata, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)

11
  • All day
    September 11, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Emilio Edgardo Quilatan
    Fr. Francis Cortez, SAR (Manila Chapter / diocesan priest)
    Sis. Emalyn del Mundo, SAR (Provincialate Chapter)
    Sis. Herminigilda Hernandez, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Davic James Cabatingan (RAY-Valencia)
    Dianne Morales (RAY-Provincialate)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1998-2021)
    Fray Randolph Castulo Castillo
    Fray Charlito Orobia
    Fray Amado Emmanuel Bolilia
    Fray Jonathan Caballero

12
  • All day
    September 12, 2021

    FIESTA MASS @ HOLY CROSS PARISH, TALIAO, KAOHSIUNG CITY, TAIWAN
    Time: 3:00 PM
    Presider: Fray Giovanni Gil Magbojos, OAR

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA
    September 12-15, 2021

    DAY 1: ROME – BUDAPEST – BRATISLAVA

    06:00Departure by airplane from

    Rome/Fiumicino International Airport for

    Budapest

    07:45Arrival at Budapest International Airport
    07:45OFFICIAL WELCOME at Budapest

    International Airport

    08:45MEETING WITH THE PRESIDENT OF

    THE REPUBLIC AND THE PRIME MINISTER at the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest

    09:15MEETING WITH THE BISHOPS at the

    Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest

    10:00MEETING WITH THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE ECUMENICAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES AND SOME JEWISH COMMUNITIES IN HUNGARY at the

    Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest

    11:30HOLY MASS at Heroes’ Square in Budapest
    14:30FAREWELL CEREMONY at Budapest

    International Airport

    14:40Departure by airplane for Bratislava
    15:30Arrival at Bratislava International Airport
    15:30OFFICIAL WELCOME at Bratislava

    International Airport

    16:30ECUMENICAL MEETING at the Apostolic

    Nunciature in Bratislava

    17:30PRIVATE MEETING WITH THE

    MEMBERS OF THE SOCIETY OF JESUS at the Apostolic Nunciature in Bratislava


    B
    IRTHDAY
    Fray Jorr Rabacal
    Gerald Artates (RAY-Provincialate)

    PRESBYTERAL ANNIVERSARY
    (1992-2021)
    Fray Leander Barrot
    Fray Paulino Dacanay

13
  • All day
    September 13, 2021

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA

    DAY 2:  BRATISLAVA

    09:15WELCOME CEREMONY at the Presidential

    Palace in Bratislava

    09:30    COURTESY VISIT TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC in the “Golden Hall” of the Presidential Palace in Bratislava
    10:00     MEETING WITH AUTHORITIES, CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS in the garden of the Presidential Palace in Bratislava
    10:45     MEETING WITH BISHOPS, PRIESTS, RELIGIOUS, CONSECRATED PERSONS, SEMINARIANS, CATECHISTS at the Cathedral of Saint Martin in Bratislava
    16:00     PRIVATE VISIT TO THE “BETHLEHEM CENTER” in Bratislava
    16:45      MEETING WITH THE JEWISH COMMUNITY at Rybné námestie Square in Bratislava
    18:00     VISIT OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PARLIAMENT at the Apostolic Nunciature in Bratislava
    18:15      VISIT OF THE PRIME MINISTER at the Apostolic Nunciature in Bratislava


    B
    IRTHDAY

    Sis. Aida Lopez, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Sis. Azela Kilayko, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Robert John Navarro (RAY-Miranila)
    Hon. Rufus Rodriguez, Brother General of the Order

    ANNIVERSARY OF SIMPLE PROFESSION
    Fray Dionisio Cachero (1970-2021)

    PRESBYTERAL ANNIVERSARY
    (1997-2021)
    Fray Jose Ernil Almayo

    FIRST DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Fray Emilio Larlar Jr. [Attention! Recoletos de Provincialate Community: cf. Add. Code
    94ª: “When a brother dies, whether a novice or professed, the community to which he
    belongs will celebrate … Mass on the first anniversary of his death.”]

14
  • All day
    September 14, 2021

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA

    DAY 3: BRATISLAVA – KOŠICE – PREŠOV – KOŠICE – BRATISLAVA
    Departure by airplane for Košice

    08:10
    09:00    Arrival at Košice Airport
    10:30     BYZANTINE DIVINE LITURGY OF SAINT JOHN CHRYSOSTOM PRESIDED BY THE HOLY FATHER in the square of the Mestská športová hala in Prešov
    16:00     MEETING WITH THE ROMA COMMUNITY at Luník IX district in Košice
    17:00     MEETING WITH YOUNG PEOPLE at Lokomotiva Stadium in Košice
    18:30     Departure by airplane for Bratislava
    19:30     Arrival at Bratislava International Airport

    BIRTHDAY

    Sr. Ma. Lourdes Piccio, AR Sr. Floramae Lanuza, AR
    Sis. Catalina Marzon, SAR (Tondo Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Rizalina Poblete, SAR (Cavite Chapter)

15
  • All day
    September 15, 2021

    PAPAL VISIT TO HUNGARY & SLOVAKIA

    DAY 4: BRATISLAVA – ŠAŠTIN – BRATISLAVA – ROME
    10:00    HOLY MASS at the National Shrine in Šaštin
    13:30    FAREWELL CEREMONY at Bratislava International Airport
    13:45     Departure by airplane for Rome
    15:30    Arrival at Rome/Ciampino International Airport

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Anthony Morillo
    Fray James Bumangabang
    Sis. Leonida Tejada, SAR (Provincialate Chapter)
    Sis. Patria Laguna, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Beah Marie Ganarias (RAY-Bacolod)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Lolita Jara, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    +Sis. Josefina Villa, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)

16
  • All day
    September 16, 2021

    108th ANNIVERSARY
    OF RELIGIOSAS FAMILIAS

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Joseph Cyprian Panaligan
    Fray Robin Ross Plata
    Sr. Mary Ann Lumactao, AR
    Bro. Nestor Paredes, SAR (Puerto Princesa Chapter)
    Bro. Almario de la Cerna, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Angeles Gabutina, AR

17
  • All day
    September 17, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Rosalina Derain, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Anita Luces, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Aurora Guilaran, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Julia Tamsi (RAY-Baguio)
    Most Rev. Socrates Mesiona, D.D. (Apostolic Vicariate of Puerto Princesa)

18
  • All day
    September 18, 2021

    OAR STORY LECTURE SERIES / 9:00-12:00 A.M. / via Zoom & FB accounts
    “The Recollect Contributions to Philippine Culture and Society”

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Henry Santiago
    Sr. Ma. Ruth Gulane, AR
    Sis. Mary Ann Cabanes, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Sis. Demetria Bayona, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sis. Josefina Tampus, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Lourdes Donayre, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

     

19
  • All day
    September 19, 2021

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR THE SICK (cf. LAMP I,5c)

    FEAST – ST. ALONSO DE OROZCO

    3rd ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARRIVAL OF THE
    PIONEER RECOLETOS MISSIONARIES IN INDONESIA

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Joseph Philip Trayvilla
    Fray Joel Alve

20
  • All day
    September 20, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Ma. Nena Labrague, AR
    Sr. Kristine Ignacio, AR
    Sis. Normita Pleno, SAR (Cavite Chapter)
    Sis. Corazon Catindig, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Estella Marie Andador (RAY-Talisay)

21
  • All day
    September 21, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Alexus Mansueto
    Sis. Carmencita Estillore, SAR (Baguio Chapter)
    Sis. Estewrlita Alao, SAR (Laray Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Isabel Pantoja, AR
    +Sr. Salvacion Olalo, AR
    +Sr. Ma. Susana Quiñones, AR
    +Sis. Aquilina Gonzales, SAR (Manila Chapter)

22
  • All day
    September 22, 2021

    BIRTHDAY

    Sr. Marietta Angelica Gunayan, AR
    Sr. Nancy Macaraig, AR Sr. Sheryl Garcia, AR
    Sis. Luzonica del Rosario, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    Sis. Pilar Gomez, SAR (Cebu Chapter)
    Lebron Jay Bantog (RAY-Valencia)

23
  • All day
    September 23, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Vicente Ramon, Jr.
    Sis. Julia Sonsona, SAR (Tondo Chapter)

    ANNIVERSAY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    Most Rev. Roberto Gaa (Bishop of the Diocese of Novaliches)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Sebastiana Jaropojop, AR
    +Sr. Agustina Salcedo, AR
    +Sis. Florencia Velarde, SAR (Manila Chapter)

24
  • All day
    September 24, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Bernadita Campos, SAR (Tondo Chapter)
    Sis. Dinah Espino, SAR (Talisay Chapter)
    Sugarrey Rendajae (RAY-Talisay)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (1967-2021)
    Fray Emeterio Buñao

25
  • All day
    September 25, 2021

    OAR STORY LECTURE SERIES / 9:00-12:00 A.M. / via Zoom & FB accounts
    “The Province of St. Ezekiel Moreno”

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Lucita Mingueto, OAR

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Esperanza Heffler, AR

26
  • All day
    September 26, 2021

    107th WORLD DAY OF MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
    Theme: Towards an Ever Wider “We”

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Concesa da Silva, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)
    Sis. Ma. Lourdes Mirasol, SAR (Bacolod Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Socorro Ladim, SAR (Antipolo Chapter)

27
  • All day
    September 27, 2021

    2021 WORLD TOURISM DAY
    (cf. Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development)

    BIRTHDAY
    Sr. Rafaela Paras, AR
    Sr. Damiana Tafalla, AR
    Sr. Ma. Melodina Ramirez, AR
    Sis. Estrella Buelo, SAR (Manila Chapter)
    Sis. Teresa Fuertes, SAR (Cavite Chapter)
    Sis. Rosita Lacao, SAR (Inagawan Chapter)
    Sis. Susan Manalon, SAR (Inagawan Chapter)
    Sis. Ruth Miralles, SAR (Inagawan Chapter)
    Sis. Encarnacion Cinco, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY:
    +Sr. Genoveva del Santissimo Sacramento, AR

28
  • All day
    September 28, 2021

    PRAYER INTENTION: FOR THE MISSION (cf. LAMP I,5c)

    BLESSED MARTYRS OF JAPAN

    ANNIVERSARY OF EPISCOPAL ORDINATION
    Bp. Peter Liu of Kaohsiung (Taiwan) [1994-2021]

    BIRTHDAY
    Sis. Salome Mapili, SAR (Valencia Chapter)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sr. Iluminada Apurillo, AR

29
  • All day
    September 29, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Roderick Deguit
    Sis. Mercedita Macabihag, SAR (San Carlos Chapter)
    Rodelin Oredina (RAY-Talisay)

    DEATH ANNIVERSARY
    +Sis. Maria Acuña, SAR (Cebu Chapter)
    +Sis. Elvira Birondo, SAR (Talisay Chapter)

30
  • All day
    September 30, 2021

    BIRTHDAY
    Fray Ferdinand Fornilos
    Sr. Crisanta Lerios, AR
    Sis. Teresita Labos, SAR (Cebu Chapter)

    ANNIVERSARY OF PRESBYTERAL ORDINATION
    (2017-2021)
    Fray Invenzor Melgazo
    Fray Jayferson Baldelovar
    Fray Mark Saludes

  

Categories